Many of you may have heard people rave about certain pre-workouts, Craze, Jack3d, and more recently Warfare by Grilla Fitness, which is a powerful alternative to the aformentioned. But how do they work? Pre workouts are a stimulant based supplement which is taken approximatly half an hour before training. They usually come in a powder based form and are mixed up in roughly 300mm of water. Doses are measured with the use of a scoop supplied in the tub. Once in the system, people find that they can train, longer and harder than without the use of a pre-workout. People also find that at the end of a hard days work, and when you may not be feeling in the mood to train, by taking a pre workout, you will be given the much needed boost to get you out from in front of the tv! But what ingredients do pre workouts contain in order for you to feel in such a way....? well here is a breakdown of some of the major ingredients to preworkouts and what they do. Caffeine– Commonly known for stimulating the body increasing focus and clearing the mind. It gives you a great kick so when you cant be bothered to hit those hard sessions a caffeine boost will certainly help you push through and get the job done. In addition it is also know for its fat burning properties. Beta-Alanine– A great pre-work out ingredient which is responsible for that pre-work out itch sensation which we all love. Research has suggested that Beta-Alanine have fight the symptoms of fatigue and increase muscular endurance whilst boosting muscular strength. Creatine- This is found in certain food types such as red meat, when training it is utilized as an explosive form of energy. It is a natural substance which helps make ATP (adenosine triphosphate). ATP provides energy for muscle contractions. Starting to make sense right? A lack of creatine for someone that trains would result in the body fatiguing prematurely. Supplementing with Creatine will allow your training sessions to become harder for longer. Research also suggests that greater gains and strength will also be achieved. Taurine- is often prescribed to treat congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, liver disease, high cholesterol, ADHD and more. Taurine functions as an antioxidant. Antioxidants protect the body's cells from damage that results from certain chemical reactions involving oxygen (oxidation). Taurine is also said to improve mental and athletic performance. Taurine is one of the key ingredients in many mainstream stimulant based drinks. Arginine- is a naturally occurring amino acid that may help to increase blood flow (in some populations) and anabolic growth-hormone secretion. Arginine helps promote Nitric oxide which in simple terms means that it allows easier blood flow around your body. This helps increase lean muscle mass/strength/power, promotes faster recovery from exercise, and improves the work capacity of active muscles. Arginine also improves the process of clearing waste products from your muscles. This may result in a reduced sense of fatigue. L-Tyrosine- is one of the most important amino acids, which is used in the synthesis of structural proteins. Although proteins are made up of different other amino acids but tyrosine is considered to be the most important one, because it is used in the production of neurotransmitters. Some researchers say that tyrosine directly affects the brain, Relieving stress, both from life situations and secondary to exercise. It also helps by Improving alertness and enhances cognitive performance (put simply mental performance), leading to improved workout intensity and increased recuperation. Citrulline Malate- there are various benefits of taking citrulline malate in a pre workout one of them being the delay of fatigue during intense training. It was also found to boost levels of arginine in the body leading to higher blood flow. What's more, supplementing with citrulline malate also helped reduce muscular soreness following this high-volume weight training WARNING Some supplements such as the old formula of jack3d and various others from overseas, may contain The ingredient, DMAA (1.3-dimethylamylamine), which produces amphetamine-like effects in users, many of whom are not aware of the harmful, even deadly consequences! Tests have suggested that the use of DMMA may narrow blood vessels causing blood pressure to rise. We recommend you avoid any products containing DMMA.